How to Study, Work, and Immigrate to Canada in 2022

Did You Know? Between 2022 and 2024, Canada expects to welcome almost 1.3 million additional immigrants! There are various ways to immigrate to Canada in 2022, and we’ll go over some of the best options below.

It is not easy to immigrate to Canada. Numerous steps must be completed to apply for and be approved for Canadian immigration successfully. Furthermore, the process can take months or even years in some cases. 

However, by understanding your options, you can improve your chances of success and avoid “pitfalls,” frustrations, and delays. Learn how to move to Canada by obtaining permanent residence, working, visiting, or studying in Canada.

The Most Simple Ways to Immigrate to Canada in 2022

For Families, Business Owners, and Refugees;

The simplest way to immigrate to Canada will be determined by your profile or connections to the country. With Canadian immigration targets higher than ever before, now is to begin your journey.

Note that there is no single straight path to immigrate to Canada. While some programs may be easier to apply to, the application process is lengthy and involves numerous steps.

While moving to Canada requires a significant financial and emotional investment, the result is worth it. Canada’s pedigree precedes it for its welcoming attitude toward immigrants and consistently ranks among the best countries for quality of life.

In 2022, the following are the seven most popular ways for overseas applicants to immigrate to Canada:

  • Programs for Provincial Nominees

Throughout the pandemic, provinces continued to nominate overseas workers for permanent residence in Canada. Through PNPs, Canada expects to welcome 83,000 new immigrants this year.

Numerous nominee programs are available through Canada’s ten provinces and three territories. Each PNP has its unique set of eligibility requirements. For example, many PNPs must have a connection to the province to be nominated. However, some programs only invite overseas candidates based on their ability to meet the province’s labor market needs.

Each PNP has its own processing time for applications. However, PNP candidates must apply to the federal government for Canadian permanent residence after receiving a nomination. The length of time it takes to process a permanent residence application depends on whether the PNP uses the Express Entry system.

The cost of immigrating to Canada through a PNP is typically the same as Express Entry, with some provinces charging additional fees. Some areas do not charge a fee to process PNP applications, whereas others, such as Ontario, can charge up to CAD 1,500.

  • Express Admission

Express Entry is Canada’s most popular and fastest immigration program. Candidates who apply through the Express Entry system may be granted permanent residency in as little as six months.

Over the next three years, Canada intends to invite over 240,000 newcomers through three Express Entry streams:

  • FSW (Federal Skilled Worker); 
  • CEC (Canadian Experience Class); and 
  • FSW (Federal Skilled Worker); 

The Express Entry system requires applicants to submit an online profile scored by Canada’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). To be eligible for one of Canada’s three federal streams, you must first qualify for Express Entry.

The Canadian government then invites the top candidates in the Express Entry pool to apply for permanent residence.

The Express Entry process may be the simplest way to come to Canada for specific candidates eligible to submit a profile. Meeting the CRS cut-off in the federal draw can be difficult. However, simply being in the pool of candidates may result in a province nominating you for permanent residence.

Immigrating to Canada through Express Entry typically costs around CAD 2,000 for a single applicant and CAD 4,500 for a couple. This excludes settlement funds, which must also be shown as part of the eligibility requirement, which varies depending on family size.

  • Family Sponsorship

If you have a qualifying family member who is a Canadian permanent resident or citizen, family sponsorship will most likely be the simplest way to immigrate to Canada.

Canada has several immigration programs that allow permanent residents and citizens to bring family members to the country. For example, Canada expects to welcome 105,000 new permanent residents through family sponsorship programs.

You may be eligible for family sponsorship if your spouse, child, or grandchild is a permanent resident or citizen of Canada.

Sponsoring a relative cost of approximately CAD 1,150. Additional fees will be if the sponsor lives in or intends to live in Quebec.

The time it takes to process a sponsorship application is determined by the family member sponsoring you. Applications for spousal sponsorship typically take about a year to process from start to finish.

  • Immigration for Business

If you have experience managing or owning your own business, a federal or provincial business immigration program may be the simplest way to immigrate to Canada.

The federal government has immigration programs for people who want to work for themselves or start a business in Canada. There are also several PNPs for overseas candidates who wish to start a business in a specific Canadian province.

Typically, business immigration programs necessitate a significant investment in the company you intend to establish in Canada. The amount needed will be determined by the program you are interested in. Many PNPs have regional entrepreneur programs with lower investment requirements for candidates interested in starting a business in a less densely populated area.

  • LMIA Work Permit

Many Canadian immigration applicants first obtain Canadian job offers, apply for a work visa and then immigrate to Canada. The LMIA process entails getting a Canadian job offer, having the Canadian employer apply for an LMIA through Service Canada, and applying for a work permit once the LMIA is approved. This is a lengthy process, but it can lead to permanent residence in Canada.

  • Immigration of Canadian Investors

The Investor Category is for high-net-worth individuals who have owned or managed businesses in other countries. Allowing experienced business people to invest in the Canadian economy contributes to the overall growth and prosperity of the country. There are essentially two investor programs in Canada: the Federal Investor Program and the Quebec Investor Program. 

Both programs are similar in that applicants must have a high net worth and make a significant investment in an approved investment fund over five years. In addition, investor immigrants may include their spouses and children on their applications as dependents.

  • Immigration for humanitarian and refugee purposes

For compassionate and humanitarian reasons, Canada has an international reputation as a leader in accepting new refugees and other immigrants. As a result, refugee admissions account for a sizable portion of Canada’s annual immigration target.

Now For Students;

What is the Best Way to Study in Canada?

The following steps you must take if you want to study in Canada and eventually become a permanent resident.

Step 1: Choose a program:

Conduct research to find the education program in Canada you want to pursue.

Step 2: Apply to a designated learning institution in Canada

Once you’ve decided on an education program, submit your application to the Canadian designated learning institution (DLI) of your choice.

Step 3: Apply for a study permit

After receiving an acceptance letter, Cohen Immigration Law can assist you in submitting an application to the Government of Canada for a study permit. Most people require a study permit to remain in Canada as a student legally.

Step 4: Investigate your immigration options

Once you have completed your studies, Cohen Immigration Law can assist you in remaining in Canada to gain more professional work experience and apply for permanent residence.

What Are the Advantages of Attending University in Canada?

With over 600,000 students from all over the world, Canada is now one of the world’s leading destinations for international students. According to research, international students are drawn to Canada for the following reasons:

  • Security and safety
  • Access to a society that is multicultural
  • Canadian schools provide high-quality education.
  • Canada welcomes immigrants and international students from nearly 200 different countries every year.
  • Canada provides opportunities for international students to work during and after their studies and transition to permanent residence.
  • Possibilities for studying English and French
  • Canada is less expensive than other popular international student destinations.
  • Consider that the Canadian dollar is weaker than significant currencies such as the US dollar, the British pound, and the euro. Hence it’s more affordable.

Key Facts About Universities and Colleges in Canada For International Students

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has authorized over 1,500 universities, colleges, and other educational institutions to accept international students. These educational institutions are known as designated learning institutions (DLIs), and they exist to help students learn. You are likely to find an educational program that meets your needs, given many DLIs across Canada.

In general, universities across Canada provide comparable levels of high-quality education. This is because Canada promotes equity in its educational system. It strives to ensure that all students receive the best education possible, regardless of their institution.

Canada also has 150 community colleges that provide high-quality education.

Community colleges provide more applied training to help students quickly integrate into the labor market. In contrast, universities offer theoretical knowledge and career training in specific professions (e.g., medicine, engineering, law). College programs are more practical, with students learning skills to help them find work in their field of study.

Assist international students in learning in Canada and remaining in the country after graduation. The list of DLIs authorized by IRCC is constantly expanding. Please check the official website of the Canadian government to ensure that the university, college, or other institution you wish to enroll in is authorized by IRCC.

Ontario and Quebec are the two most populous provinces in Canada, and as a result, they have the most DLIs (nearly 1,000 combined). 

Colleges in Canada, like universities, tend to provide similar levels of education. Therefore, international students should feel at ease knowing that their education at a Canadian college will support their professional and immigration goals after graduation.

Explore Pathways to Permanent Residence (PR)

International students who complete their post-secondary education in Canada have numerous options to extend their stay and eventually transition to permanent residence.

When it comes to pursuing Canadian permanent residence, your education in Canada may give you an advantage. Many federal and provincial immigration programs prefer candidates with Canadian education and work experience.

After completing your education in Canada, you can gain Canadian work experience by obtaining a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP), which may allow you to work in Canada for up to three years, depending on your Canadian academic program.

While holding a PGWP, you can pursue a variety of federal and provincial permanent residence options, including:

Quebec

Quebec is Canada’s second-largest province, and Montreal is a popular international student destination. The province has its immigration system, with programs distinct from those provided by the federal government and the PNP. Quebec also encourages former international students to move to the province permanently. One notable way it intends to accomplish this is through the Quebec Experience Program.

Additional Federal Programs

In addition to the three Express Entry programs, the federal government manages additional economic class immigration programs. The programs provide international students with unique tracks and exemptions from Canadian work experience requirements. The Atlantic Immigration Program and the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot are two examples.

How Much Do You Need To Immigrate to Canada?

The average cost of immigrating to Canada is around CAD 2,300 for a single applicant and CAD 4,500 for a couple. This amount does not include the settlement funds that many candidates must demonstrate to be eligible for Canadian immigration; this amount will vary depending on family size, beginning at around CAD 13,000 for a single applicant. Additional fees may apply if a candidate applies through a provincial program. For those with a Canadian job offer or applying under the Canadian Experience Class, proof of settlement funds is not required.

All types of business immigration necessitate substantial investment in Canada. It may require the applicant to have made an interest-free loan to the federal or provincial government or invested in a Canadian company.

You usually do not provide financial information to sponsor a spouse or dependent child. However, if you are sponsoring other family members, such as a parent or grandparent, a financial requirement must be met to apply.

There are no financial requirements if you apply on humanitarian or compassionate grounds. If the refugee is a privately sponsored applicant, financial information is only required under this category of immigration. In that case, the Canadian group sponsoring the refugee must show that they have raised sufficient funds to sponsor the refugee candidate’s resettlement.

Is There Any Other Way To Migrate To Canada?

Other options for Canadian immigration include the CEC category, Humanitarian and Compassionate applications, Refugee Claims, and the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program.

Refugee Applications

Individuals seeking asylum in Canada may do so at a port of Entry or an inland CBSA or Refugees, Immigration and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) office. They must prove why they are unable to return to their home country.

Pilot Program for Atlantic Immigration

The Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIP) assists in recruiting newcomers to the Atlantic provinces of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and Labrador. As a result, these provinces can fill labor shortages with qualified immigrants with work experience.

The Canadian Experience Program (CEC)

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is a permanent immigration program for individuals who have worked in Canada for at least one year.

Humanitarian and Compassionate Applications, or “H&Cs.”

These are applications for Canadian permanent residence submitted from within Canada. These are for people who do not have legal status in Canada but have decided to stay.

FAQs On Canadian Immigration

What is the age limit for Canadian immigration?

Canadian immigration programs have no age restrictions. However, applicants aged 25 to 35 receive the most points in most economic immigration categories. This doesn’t mean that older candidates cannot be selected. Significant work experience, advanced education, high language proficiency, Canadian connections, and significant work experience can easily compensate for any points lost due to age in economic immigration.

Humanitarian, family sponsorships and refugee immigrants to Canada do not use a ranking system and thus have no age restrictions.

What is the Quickest Way to Move to Canada?

Express Entry is the quickest way to enter Canada. Most Express Entry applications are processed in six months or less.

Is a Job Offer Required to Move to Canada?

No. When one applies, the vast majority of all Canadian permanent residents do not have a job offer in Canada. While some Canadian immigration programs require applicants to have a job offer in Canada, various programs are available to foreign nationals who do not have a job offer in Canada.

Who is a Permanent Canadian Resident?

A permanent Canadian resident is a foreign citizen granted permanent residence in Canada. A person with this status is free to live and work anywhere in the United States. Furthermore, permanent residents in Canada are entitled to various benefits, such as access to social and healthcare services, the freedom to live, study, and work anywhere in Canada, and legal protection. Furthermore, after some time as a permanent resident, permanent residents can apply to become Canadian citizens! Permanent residents of Canada, in particular, do not have the right to vote in Canadian elections.

Who is a Canadian Citizen?

In Canada, Canadian citizens have many rights and privileges. Citizens have legal access to healthcare, social services, and assistance. A citizen can vote in Canadian elections and live, work, and study anywhere in Canada. Citizenship cannot also be revoked or removed. Everyone born in Canada is automatically granted Canadian citizenship. Foreign nationals can also become naturalized Canadian citizens by completing the appropriate application with Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Why is Canada looking for Immigrants?

Cities and rural areas in Canada rely on newcomers to keep their populations growing and their labour markets afloat. Canada also has an ageing population, and without a robust immigration system, the country would be on a similar path to Japan in the 1990s. However, unlike Japan, Canada has welcomed immigration, which has allowed us to keep a large proportion of the population of prime working age, between 25 and 54. This would not be possible without a large influx of immigrants to Canada.

Can I Work Anywhere In Canada?

A person with Canadian permanent resident status has the right to live and work anywhere in Canada. If a foreign national does not have permanent resident status in Canada, they must obtain authorization to work in Canada. This authorization is usually in the form of a Canadian work permit.

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